Fundemental Knowledge Uses

     1. Associative thinking is a mental back and forth between the object of incoherence and what we have come to know in terms of previous experiences. Most simply stated, associative thinking represents intellectual possibilizing-using our repertoire of latent knowledge to connect to a problematic event in order to define or identify the basic nature of what the event or situation means. It is a highly intuitive mental act.

     2. Interpretive thinking is a mental act of drawing from the problematic situation or event to our knowns in order to accurately translate the incoherence into something identifiable and familiar at least in hypothetical terms.

     3. Applicative thinking is a mental act of moving from what we know to the situation or event in a deliberate attempt to resolve or solve the incoherence it elicits within us.

     4. Replicative thinking is more or less using knowledge without having to give any significant thoughtful consideration to the problematic situation at hand such as mundane or simple reactions/responses to ordinary sources of incoherence we have experienced many times before. For the most part, replicative thinking is nothing more than a habitual, often unconscious form of applicative thinking, an automatic response to something problematic.

Adapted by Randy L. Hoover from Harry Broudy, Truth and Credibility: A Citizen's Dilemma.

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