The following hyperlinks may help in your study of the topics presented in this class. If you find a link that is no longer working or have a link you belive should be added to this page, please notify me.
Full text of Herland online free use.
"The Early Catastrophe: The 30 Million Word Gap by Age 3" by Betty Hart and Todd R. Risley
This is a must-read to beging to grasp why and how advantage-disadvantage plays out in shaping the scores on proficiency tests.
School Reform and Accountability: Some Implications and Issues for Democracy and Fair Play
An article written by Randy L. Hoover and Kathy L. Shook for the journal "Democracy & Education", Vol. 14, No. 4, 2003.
A short essay on Authentic Accountability versus Pseudo Accountability By Hoover and Shook, 2004.
Hoover's Ohio Proficiency Test Analysis
(Regional and State-wide Results, The Data, Commentary, and Graphs)
Hoover's Site on Proficiency Testing, The Ohio School Report Cards, Educator Accountability, and NCLB is HERE.
The Hoover-Shook site on NCLB specifics is HERE.
This is required reading for all those enrolled. It is a centerpiece for understanding the current condition of character and citizenship education critical in shaping democratic values and ideals in America: The Future of the First Amendment
This link takes you to a very interesting article from Time magazine on coporate welfare. It will help you understand some of the difference between ideological myth and capitalist reality.
This link will take you to the entire, and hyperlinked, text of Todd Oppenheimer's article in July 1997 issue of "The Atlantic Monthly." This is probably the best single article on computer technology I have seen to date. Read it in light of what we see and hear regarding the "infusion of technology into classroom settings" and in terms of the concepts, principles, and ideas discussed in class.
The Computer Delusion by Todd Oppenheimer.
(Permission to use this article has been granted to Randy L. Hoover by Patricia Busch, Permissions Editor, The Atlantic Monthly 10-3-1997.)
The National Center for Fair & Open Testing (FairTest) is an "advocacy organization working to end the abuses, misuses and flaws of standardized testing and ensure that evaluation of students and workers is fair, open, and educationally sound." Their site is extremely valuable for all reflective teachers and elemental to supplementing the principles of curriculum development examined in 6936.
Home Page of FairTest
This article is a straightforward examination of the accountability problems associated with standardized testing. It is a must read for reflective teachers who recognize the serious lack of validity of standardized tests and who understand that such tests serve to arbitrarily disadvantage large numbers of innocent students.
New Thinking on Accountability
This site is a table of contents for articles on the problems of standarized testing all all levels of schooling and articles produced by the public organization called Fair Test. I have placed it here to help you locate sources of knowledge about the issues and problems associated with testing.
Table of Contents for Articles on Testing Issues
"NEW STATE-BY-STATE SURVEY CONCLUDES MOST ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS NEED MAJOR CHANGES; STATES JUST 'TINKERING AT THE EDGES OF REFORM'"This is the overview, the state-by-state report,the Ohio scorecard (note the refusal of the Voinovich administration to cooperate with the study), and the findings/recommendations of the latest (10-1999) critique of standardized testing done by FairTest. "FairTest based its evaluation of state assessment programs on the Principles and Indicators for Student Assessment Systems. The Principles were developed by the National Forum on Assessment to help guide assessment reform and have been signed by over 80 education and civil rights groups."
Overview of FairTest State-by-State Study of Assessment System
Testing Our Children: A Report Card on State Assessment Systems
The Ohio Report Card
The Major Findings of Testing Our Children: A Report Card on State Assessment